The Ticuna make up the most numerous indigenous people in the Brazilian Amazon. With a history marked by the violent entry of rubber tappers, fishermen and loggers into the Solimões River region, it was only in the 1990s that they achieved official recognition of most of their lands. Currently, they face the challenge of guaranteeing their economic and environmental sustainability and corresponding relations with the surrounding society, keeping their rich culture alive. The international repercussion that the masks, designs and paintings of these people have obtained is not accidental.
Ticuna individuals speak the Ticuna dialect, which is commonly distinguished as a dialectal offshoot, although it can potentially be identified with the destroyed Yuri dialect along these lines that frame the speculative Ticuna-Yuri encounter.
The Ticuna dialect was once thought to be an Arawakan dialect, however, it has now been disparaged as most likely the Ticuna have embraced numerous etymological high points due to their long history of connection with Arawakan-speaking clans.
It is composed in its content in Latin. Ticuna, or Tikuna, is a dialect spoken by around 50,000 people in Brazil, Peru, and Colombia. It is the local dialect of the Ticuna individuals. Ticuna is mostly a delegated dialect offshoot, however, it can be identified with the finished Yuri dialect (see Ticuna-Yuri) and there has been some exploration showing similarities between Ticuna and Carabayo.
Religion and rituals of the Ticuna
Ticuna individuals verifiably perfected shamanism, despite the fact that with the impact of Christian teachers since contact, shamans have turned out to be rare in all except in the most confined networks. Ta’e was the Ticuna-maker god who watched over the land, while Yo’i and Ip were legendary saints in Ticuna fables who helped ward off evil presences. Depending on various indicators, some say that the Ticuanas basically rehearse ethnic religion, while different assessments say that between 30% and 90% are Christian.