The Kamentza People, also called Kamsá, Kamëntšá, Camsá or Kamnsá, inhabit their ancestral territory in the Sibundoy Valley, in the middle of the eastern mountains of the Colombian South Andes, in a space of transition and integration of the Andean and Amazonian worlds. . The Kamentza people have councils in the municipalities of Sibundoy, San Francisco, Mocoa, Orito, Villa Garzón, San Miguel and Bogotá. Their greatest presence is in Alto Putumayo, than in the municipalities of Sibundoy and San Francisco, but with significant migration to the Middle Putumayo, in the municipalities of Mocoa and Villa Garzón.
The communities on which this case is based correspond to those that live in the Sibundoy Valley and in the high mountains that surround it in the foothills of the Colombian Massif, the most important hydrological star in Colombia, and therefore the place of thousands of water sources, with lagoon bodies in the High Mountains, moors and ecosystems rich in flora and fauna.
The municipality of Sibundoy has a higher population density Kamentza, and in the corner of its main square is located the main administrative centre of the Kamentza town, the facilities of the Cabildo de Sibundoy, being also very present in the iconography of the central park with the presence of a series of statues relating to the Kamentza worldview. According to the Cabildo, as of 2014, 6,029 Kamentza indigenous people live in the municipality of Sibundoy, distributed in 1,476 families, corresponding to 58% of the total Kamentza population, as well as 42% of the population of the municipality.
His system of representation is based on the relationship between magical and medicinal plants. The yagé constitutes the central axis of their cosmovision, being the Shaman the figure on whom the knowledge for its handling falls. Among the customs that still persist is the carnival that is celebrated on the Monday before Ash Wednesday in which food is offered to the souls, the ceremony of forgiveness and of marriage advice. In recent years, it has been possible to recover the knowledge of traditional medicine, thanks to the construction and start-up of the Botanical Garden called Leandro Agreda, where local botanists investigate the medicinal benefits of the traditional plants of the region and the Amazon jungle.