Native groups in the Amazon( Tucanos )


The Tucanos are an ethnic group distributed in 3 Latin American countries such as Colombia, Brazil and Venezuela, in which the highest concentration of these indigenous people is found in Brazil, followed by Colombia and finally Venezuela with a minority group.

The indigenous communities in Colombia fight for the preservation of their culture, especially in modern times where technology is absorbing much of the information and customs of society. It is in the face of these changes that the eastern ‘Tucano’ population strives to continue transmitting their knowledge among the youngest. This population is recognized for being multilingual, and managing to speak up to four different languages. As the Tucano culture does not allow them to marry within their heritage, but with someone from a different tribe, they speak different languages.

The Government of Guaviare has supported the work carried out by the indigenous communities that are in the sector, rescuing each of the region’s own traditions, all thanks to the region’s own biodiversity and multiculturalism.

Although it is only a few meters from civilization, this tribe has tried to keep the culture and traditions current, for which they instruct the youngest in the dance, clothing and behaviour typical of the community, allowing them to have that bond that combines nature and technology just a few steps away.


The Tucanos are multilingual, this is because men must marry outside their linguistic group, according to the culture of the Tucanos no man can have a wife who speaks the same language, which would be seen as a kind of incest. The men must choose their wives from various neighbouring tribes that speak other languages. Also, at the time of marriage, women move into the men’s homes or communal houses.


The name Tucano, which is written in the Latin alphabet, is generally used by more than 6,600 speakers and is one of the most important groups in the Tucanoan family of languages belonging to the eastern branch. Other sources show that they are also used by more than 10,000 to 20,000 people, these including Brazilian speakers, that is, among the ethnic groups that live along the banks of the Vaupés River, which also crosses the State of Amazonas, and given the number of speakers living in the Brazilian cities of Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira and Santa Isabel do Rio Negro. All groups of Tucanos that inhabit Colombia also speak the Spanish language.